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This initial effort ceased around the time of the Soviet Union’s breakup in 1991. [citation needed], In October 2016, another flight test was carried out using a R-36M2 heavy ICBM launched from Dombarovsky Air Base, successfully hitting a target at the Kura Missile Test Range. Specifications The Avangard has a range of over 6,000 km, weighs approximately 2,000 kg, and can carry a nuclear or conventional payload.7 One TASS report said that Avangard’s nuclear warhead is “more than 2 megatons in TNT equivalent.” As a boost-glide weapon, the … In its last trial a year ago, the Avangard travelled around 6,000 kilometres from Dombarovsky military airbase in the south of the Ural mountain range to the Kura Missile Test Range … There are no publicly available images of the Avangard HGV. Russia is developing the most advanced weapons, including the Avangard hypersonic missile system and the Tsirkon long-range hypersonic anti-ship cruise missile, the president said Mr Putin stated on Tuesday the Avangard system might penetrate present and future missile defence programs, including: “Not a single nation possesses hypersonic weapons, not to mention continental-range hypersonic weapons.” The West and different nations … Почему гиперзвуковые блоки решили ставить на Урале", https://missilethreat.csis.org/missile/avangard/, "Борисов: испытания комплекса "Авангард" доказали его способность разгоняться до 27 Махов", "We Now Know How Russia's New Avangard Hypersonic Boost-Glide Weapon Will Launch", "Russia to use SS-19 ICBMs as carriers for Avangard hypersonic glide vehicles — source", "Here's The Six Super Weapons Putin Unveiled During Fiery Address", "Russia's New Avangard Hypersonic Missile System To Enter Service By 2019", "Introducing 'Avangard' and 'Sarmat': Putin shows off new hypersonic, nuclear missiles", "Putin named the reason for the development of hypersonic weapons", "Hyper-glide Delivery Systems and the Implications for Strategic Stability and Arms Reductions", "Эксперт об "изделии 4202": теперь США будут меньше бряцать оружием", "Russia begins serial production of new cutting-edge glide vehicle", "Russia's Avangard strategic systems enter series production – source", "Russia's Defense Ministry signs production contract for Avangard hypersonic systems", "Russia's Avangard hypersonic missile system", "New missile Putin mentioned in annual address successfully tested — top brass", "ЦАМТО / Новости / Траектория полета ракеты "Авангард" проходит на высоте десятков километров", "Russia demonstrates Avangard hypersonic missile system to US", "Hypersonic Missiles Are Unstoppable. Missile Threat is a product of the Missile Defense Project at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Speed: Mach 20 (6.86 km/s) © 2021 by the Center for Strategic and International Studies. December 27, 2019. Sign up for the CSIS Missile Defense Project’s monthly newsletter for info on the project’s latest publications, upcoming events, and analysis on recent missile defense news. [23] The combination of maneuverability and high speed poses significant challenges for conventional missile defense. “The Avangard is invulnerable to intercept by any existing and prospective missile defence means of … RS-26 at a Glance. Testers fitted the HGV atop an SS-19 ICBM, which boosted the vehicle more than 6,000 km before striking a target in the Kura shooting range in Kamchatka.3, Russia’s 2014 military intervention in Ukraine reportedly delayed Avangard development, as Ukraine manufactured a critical maneuver and targeting control system for the weapon. It can deliver both nuclear and conventional payloads. In his March 2018 speech, Vladimir Putin claimed the HGV can maintain atmospheric speeds of up to Mach 20 (6.28 km/s) and can maneuver.12 This maneuverability could make Avangard’s trajectory unpredictable, complicating intercept attempts after its boost phase. [26][27][28][29][30] Arms control expert Jeffrey Lewis of the Institute of International Studies expressed scepticism towards Avangard's ability to evade missile defences, stating that "gliding results in slower speeds than traditional re-entry". Alternative names: Project 4202, Yu-74 Russia’s Strategic Missile Force has … With the advantage again swinging toward attack, the defense industry is concerned that weapons of this type will reignite the kind of arms race that dominated the cold war era. Class: Hypersonic Glide Vehicle (HGV) [13], The Avangard (then called Yu-71 and Yu-74) was reportedly flight tested between February 2015 and June 2016 on board UR-100UTTKh ICBMs launched from Dombarovsky Air Base, Orenburg Oblast, when it reached a speed of 11,200 kilometres per hour (7,000 mph; 3,100 m/s) and successfully hit targets at the Kura Missile Test Range, Kamchatka Krai. Once at altitude, Avangard zooms down toward its target at Mach 27, or 20,716 miles an hour. [31][32] The blast yield of a nuclear warhead carried by the Avangard is reportedly more than 2 megatons TNT.[33]. According to one report, however, it is likely “either a short wedge-shaped design, or a shuttle with small stabilizer wings, which is installed in the head of the launch vehicle.”13 The HGV likely does not employ a propulsion system, relying on gravity and its aerodynamic features to maintain speeds and altitude.14, In March 2018, President Putin said the Avangard HGV had already entered serial production.15, In December 2018, Russia’s President Putin said his country would deploy the first Avangard regiment in 2019. This is earlier than expected, with most public U.S. analysts writing that the HGV would likely enter service in the early 2020s.16 Also in December, Defense Minister Sergey Shoigu announced that “31 launchers with the Yars and Avangard ICBMs will assume combat duty in the Strategic Missile Force.”17, Missile Defense Project, "Avangard," Missile Threat, Center for Strategic and International Studies, January 3, 2019, last modified June 23, 2020, https://missilethreat.csis.org/missile/avangard/.Copy. “The Avangard is invulnerable to intercept by any existing and prospective missile defense means of the potential adversary,” the Russian president said in a speech Wednesday. [22], HGVs differ from traditional ballistic missiles by their ability to maneuver and operate at lower altitudes. The Avangard has a range of over 6,000 km, weighs approximately 2,000 kg, and can carry a nuclear or conventional payload.7 One TASS report said that the Avangard’s nuclear warhead is “more than 2 megatons in TNT equivalent.” 8 As a boost-glide weapon, the Avangard is carried to its apogee by a ballistic missile. Outside analysts estimate it to have a maximum range of 3,600 miles… It carries a nuclear weapon of up to 2 megatons. This carrier is currently the SS-19 “Stiletto” (UR-100NUTTH), but will later be replaced by the R-28 “Sarmat.”9 Russia had initially planned to mount the Avangard on the road-mobile RS-26 “Rubezh” (SS-X-31) but chose to use the silo-based R-28 “Sarmat” after the Rubezh was delayed due to financial constraints.10. This was reportedly the first fully successful test of the glide vehicle. [21], On 27 December 2019, the first missile regiment armed with the Avangard HGV officially entered combat duty. Russian defense manufacturer NPO Mashinostroeniya reportedly reinstated the project in the mid-1990s under the designation “Project 4202.”1, There have been approximately 14 flight reported tests of the Avangard between 1990 and 2018.2 In December 2018, Russia test fired the weapon from the Dombarovskiy missile base in Orenburg Oblast. And They're Starting a New Global Arms Race", "Russia unveils new strategic delivery systems", "Janes | Latest defence and security news", "Юрий Борисов: испытания "Авангарда" подтвердили, что он может развить скорость в 27М", "Putin boasts new strategic weapons will make US missile defense "useless, "The Kremlin says it conducted another successful test of a hypersonic weapon", "Putin says Russia ready to deploy new hypersonic nuclear missile", "Russia says it has deployed first hypersonic nuclear-capable missiles", "Russia's new Avangard missile is a nuke-ready hypersonic glide weapon, the Kremlin says", "Источник: первыми носителями гиперзвуковых блоков "Авангард" станут ракеты УР-100Н УТТХ", https://armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2020/1222/133060997/detail.shtml, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Avangard_(hypersonic_glide_vehicle)&oldid=1000275634, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 12:47. According to a statement by President Putin, Avangard reaches speeds of up to Mach 20, or 15,340 miles an hour. Originated from: Russia Avangard carried by a UR-100UTTKh ICBM launched from Dombarovsky Air Base successfully hit a target at the Kura Missile Test Range. This development forced Russia to launch an important substitution program for the control device.4 Russian Deputy Defence Minister Yury Borisov in 2018 made light of other technical hurdles related to Avangard’s control surfaces and heat shielding, noting that the vehicle’s surface temperature reaches 2,000 degrees Celsius.5, Russia has repeatedly stated that it is developing hypersonic weapons to ensure Russian strategic forces can penetrate future U.S. air and missile defenses.6, The Avangard has a range of over 6,000 km, weighs approximately 2,000 kg, and can carry a nuclear or conventional payload.7 One TASS report said that the HGV’s nuclear warhead is “more than 2 megatons in TNT equivalent.” 8 As a boost-glide weapon, the Avangard is carried to its apogee by a ballistic missile. This carrier is currently the SS-19 “Stiletto” (UR-100NUTTH), but will later be replaced by the R-28 “Sarmat.”9 Russia had initially planned to mount the Avangard on the road-mobile RS-26 “Rube… Avangard/Objekt 4202, Yu-71, and Yu-74: Role and Mobility: Hypersonic Glide Vehicle; Carried on ICBMs: Designer/Production: Russian Strategic Missile Forces: Range: Unknown: Warhead Type and Weight: Hypersonic, Nuclear, Conventional/Unknown: MIRV and Yield: Unknown: Guidance System/Accuracy: Unknown: Stages/Propellant: N/A: IOC/Retirement: 2018/2019; N/A: Status/Number of Units "The Avangard has cost hundreds of times less than what the US has spent on its missile defence," Ivanov said, cited by Associated Press. Range: >6,000 km [9][10][11], The Avangard is one of the six new Russian strategic weapons unveiled by Russian President Vladimir Putin on 1 March 2018. “A U.S. inspection group was shown the Avangard missile system with the hypersonic boost-glide vehicle on the territory of Russia on November 24-26, 2019," said the Ministry of … Originated from: Russia Possessed by: Russia Alternate name: SS-X-31, Frontier, Avangard, Yars-M, KY-26 Class: Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) / Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM) [classification disputed] Basing: Road-mobile Length: 12 m Diameter: 1.8 m Launch weight: 36,000 kg Payload: 800 kg Warhead: Nuclear, single warhead or MIRV In 2007, when asked about U.S. plans to deploy ballistic missile defenses in Europe, Putin mentioned that Russia was developing “strategic weapons systems o… All rights reserved. [15][16][17][18] This was further confirmed by the commander of Russian Strategic Missile Forces, Colonel General Sergei Karakayev [ru]. Russia's Defense Ministry says it has informed President Vladimir Putin that the controversial new hypersonic, intercontinental-range Avangard missile system has been put into service. Status: In development, The origins of the Avangard hypersonic glide vehicle (HGV) reach back to the mid-1980s, at which time the USSR first started research on hypersonic warheads. As of January 2021,[34][35] 4 Avangard-equipped UR-100NUTTH are deployed with: Hypersonic Technology Demonstrator Vehicle, "Первый ракетный полк "Авангарда" заступил на боевое дежурство", "В России запустили серийное производство гиперзвуковой ракеты "Авангард, "Шахты "Авангарда". Avangard is an intercontinental ballistic missile system with a gliding hypersonic maneuvering warhead. Yesterday’s test involved an Avangard missile launched from Dombarovsky in … The Avangard is put on duty in the southern Ural Mountains. Diameter: Unknown The Avangard is a nuclear-capable, hypersonic boost-glide vehicle under development by the Russian Federation. The Avangard HGV has reportedly been integrated with the SS-19 ICBM as a multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicle (MIRV). Length: Unknown In December 2018, the weapon hit a practice target 6,000km (3,700 miles) away in a test launch at Dombarovskiy missile base in the southern Ural Mountains. [citation needed], According to Vladimir Putin, the US withdrawal from the ABM Treaty in 2002 forced Russia to start developing hypersonic weapons: "We had to create these [hypersonic] weapons in response to the US deployment of a strategic missile defense system, which in the future would be capable of virtually neutralizing, zeroing out all our nuclear potential". The Strategic Missile Forces are the only operator of the Avangard HGV. Warhead: Nuclear 2 MT option (reported) He noted that Russia began to develop the Avangard after 2002 when the US withdrew from the 1972 Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and began developing defences against ballistic missiles. Avangard is designed using new composite materials to withstand temperatures up to 2,000 degree Celsius. The 100-ton strategic missile is said to be able to travel around 6,200 miles and has the capacity to wipe out areas the size of Texas or France. In December 2018, the Avangard was launched from the Dombarovskiy missile base in the southern Urals and successfully hit a practice target on the Kura shooting range on Kamchatka, 6,000 kilometres (3,700 miles) away. [25] When approaching a target, the glider is capable of sharp high speed horizontal and vertical evasive maneuvers in flight, which Russian officials claim makes it "invulnerable to any missile defence system". The Avangard (Russian: Авангард; English: Vanguard; previously known as Objekt 4202, Yu-71 and Yu-74) is a Russian hypersonic glide vehicle (HGV) that can be carried as a MIRV payload by the UR-100UTTKh,[7][8] R-36M2 and RS-28 Sarmat heavy ICBMs. [6], According to Russian Defense Ministry's press service/TASS, the Avangard missile system with the hypersonic glide-vehicle was demonstrated to the US inspection group in accordance with the New START treaty procedures on November 24–26, 2019. Missile Threat brings together a wide range of information and analyses relating to the proliferation of cruise and ballistic missiles around the world and the air and missile defense systems designed to defeat them. Once boosted to its suborbital apogee of around 100 km, the glide vehicle separates from its rocket.11 It then cruises down towards its target through the atmosphere. Russia’s Strategic Missile Force will get 13 launchers with Yars and Avangard intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) in 2021, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said … Possessed by: Russia Here's an Avangard test shot from 2018: This content is imported from YouTube. [24], According to open-source analysis by Jane's, Avangard is a pure glide vehicle without an independent propulsion system. Russia's Defense Ministry says it has informed President Vladimir Putin that the controversial new hypersonic, intercontinental-range Avangard missile … The site said that the re-arming of the Russian missile forces and equipping them with these missile models, which have a range of more than 10,000 kilometers, “puts America in an endless quandary.” The author of the article focused on the particular interest of Avangard hypersonic missiles. [14], On 1 March 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin in his presidential address to the Federal Assembly in Moscow announced that testing of the weapon is now complete and that it has entered serial production. M oscow said the Avangard is launched on top of an intercontinental ballistic missile but it can make sharp manoeuvres on the way to its target, … [12] In 2007, when asked about U.S. plans to deploy ballistic missile defenses in Europe, Putin mentioned that Russia was developing “strategic weapons systems of a completely different type that will fly at hypersonic speed and will be able to change trajectory both in terms of altitude and direction". [citation needed] The Deputy Prime Minister of Russia Yury Borisov stated a day later that the glider flew at 27 times the speed of sound, "invulnerable to interception". According to Vladimir Putin, the US withdrawal from the ABM Treatyin 2002 forced Russia to start developing hypersonic weapons: "We had to create these [hypersonic] weapons in response to the US deployment of a strategic missile defense system, which in the future would be capable of virtually neutralizing, zeroing out all our nuclear potential". [1], On 19 September 2020, Herbert Efremov, an Advisor for Science at the NPO Mashinostroyenia, was awarded Order of St. Andrew for his contributions to the Avangard development. | Privacy Policy, Russia Deploys Avangard Hypersonic Weapon, Russia Shows Avangard Hypersonic Weapon to United States, Russia to Deploy Avangard, S-350 Vityaz, and Iskander-M in 2019. A still image taken from video footage released by Russia's Defense Ministry on December 26, 2018, shows a test launch of an Avangard new hypersonic missile in … It was one of six “next generation” weapons described by Russian President Vladimir Putin during a speech in March 2018. 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